There is a lot of information regarding sugar. This abundance of data can be useful but does present challenges for clinicians who oftentimes must summarize useful materials that can serve many individuals.
Simply put, sugar, typically refers to all carbohydrates with a general molecular makeup of CnH2On. Sugar can be found in plants, animal milk or it can also be chemically manufactured. Sources of naturally occurring sugars include things like fruit and cow’s milk. Added sugars are those where any type of sugar or sweetener is added to a food item. Even if a naturally occurring sugar is added to a food product, that product must still claim to have added sugars.
The body metabolizes sugar for fuel where glucose is used as a quick energy source. When glucose is consumed, sugar levels in the blood rise, and the pancreas is stimulated to release insulin. Insulin triggers an uptake of sugar from the blood to cells. If sugar is consumed in tandem with fiber, up to 30% of that sugar may not be absorbed. This slows the rate of rising blood sugar, which has been linked to health benefits. Excess glucose that cannot be used immediately will be stored as glycogen in muscles or as lipids in fat tissue to be used later.
Glycogen is a chain of bonded glucose molecules that can be broken apart and used as a fuel source during physical activity. On average, the amount of stored glycogen in the body is 600g but can vary depending on diet, physical activity and body mass. Adequate carbohydrate consumption is required to replace glycogen that has been used during exercise. If glycogen is significantly depleted and not properly replenished, an individual can experience fatigue, weakness, impaired performance and hypoglycemia. Recommendations for daily carbohydrate consumption to replace glycogen range from 3-10g of carbohydrate per kg of body weight, depending on the level of daily physical activity.
Nourishing sick individuals can be very challenging. While nutrition and hydration are critical and can aid in healing, being under the weather is one of the more difficult times to obtain adequate intake. When people are sick, their appetites may be suppressed, they may be too lethargic to eat or physical discomforts such as sore throats may be a hindrance. Offering cold beverages with caloric content that can initially be sipped oftentimes encourages intake of more solid foods relatively quicker. Fruit popsicles, smoothies and chocolate milk are ideas that encourage helpful nutrition at a time when the body is working overtime. Pairing protein or fat with sugar in beverages can be key in avoiding loose, watery stools. Opting for bland food items typically allows for more gentle nutrition. It is also helpful to prepare either comfort or favorite foods, especially as appetite increases.
New Year’s resolutions are starting to get a makeover. Despite big industry players, individuals are recognizing that sexy ad campaigns touting easy health fixes just do not last over time. Specific to New Year’s resolutions, goal failure is almost always related to setting a lofty resolution that is attempted via a total lifestyle alteration. While dramatic adjustments to daily habits may offer results, they will be incredibly difficult to maintain because they are so different from “normal”. In the end, dramatic changes often revert back to old habits.
The most reliable way to truly form new healthy habits for behavior change is to make smaller, more measured changes. Consider an overall goal and find out what steps are needed to achieve it. From there, evidence suggests breaking those steps into incremental, manageable chunks. The idea is to aim for sustainability. After all, Rome wasn’t built in a day!
Much success has been found when people use “SMART” goals for incremental changes. These are goals that are Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, and Time sensitive. Maybe it’s adding in one additional workout this week or incorporating a fruit or veggie at breakfast 3 days weekly. Setting SMART goals provides clarity about what to strive for next.
It is also beneficial to celebrate any wins and reflect on challenges. After making small goals, take a moment to enjoy the success of achieving them. At the end of the week, recap on accomplishments and struggles, then use that reflection to set new goals. Building flexibility into goals, makes them more realistic to any barriers to change that may arise. Building a support system with family, friends, or health professionals also increases motivation and accountability, leading to more success achieving goals.
There’s an abundance of misinformation about health and nutrition. Look for evidence-based information that is from reputable sources and backed by research for the most effective and realistic information on how to achieve your specific goals. One study found the most common New Year’s resolutions are in the categories of physical health, weight loss and changes to eating habits. Seeking out a registered dietitian is an example of a reliable source for information for these categories!
Author: Caroline Hitchner
Celebratory dinners during a quarantine may look a little different from the norm. With fewer people, your traditional large turkey and multiple stuffing plans will need to be altered. There are many good resources and recipes for pairing down meals. Consider one-dish traditional meals, like this one from All Recipes that incorporates Cornish game hens, green beans and stuffing. Designing your meal around steaks can allow you to tailor a meal based both on preference and quantity. Items such as flank steaks and ham steaks can be purchased by the pound at your grocer’s meat counter. If you want traditional turkey, consider recipes like a roasted turkey drumstick recipe that proves both delicious and cost effective. Scaling down sides may seem daunting at first, but combination items, such as stuffing muffins have been slowly making their way onto tables over the past few years. Stores have even been catering to such needs with ready-made half pies, like these ones from Lowes Foods.
Physical activity does not have to take a back seat as cooler months set in. While exercise may seem even more limited with gym closings related to the recent pandemic, there are many benefits of taking movement outside or online.
Getting outdoors can offer that extra dose of Vitamin D and mood improving chemicals that seem even more challenging to get with the recent time change and simultaneous temperatures dropping. In order to make outdoor movement successful, you must have the right gear. Layering clothing is important. The three core layers include wicking (this is worn closest to the skin), insulating and repelling layers (this is the exterior layer). Obvious outdoor activities including running and biking, but things like raking leaves should also be added to activity lists.
At-home work outs can provide many of the same benefits as gym and outdoor experiences. Scheduled online social movement experiences can be especially helpful during times when there may be greater isolation.
Some good resources for movement include:
Varying types of snack boards have become increasingly popular. While cheese and charcuterie platters have long been staples for cocktail parties, it’s the use of the board-style presentation that is garnering popularity. One appeal of boards includes flexibility regarding number of guests and taste preference. In addition, there is typically minimum prep required. Cheese and meat boards, for example, have typically been a buy and arrange type of preparation. From movie night to brunch, here’s how to assemble the ideal snack board.
The first step is to choose a theme. Some interesting ideas include “sweet and salty,” “family movie night,” and “rainbow” themes. Of course, any holiday or celebration would be a great theme to build around. Next, choose a platter as your base and accompanying dishes for any loose items. The larger the board, the more product you will use. Typically, estimate two to three of the proteins and fats per person (e.g. meat and cheese slices) and then double the carbohydrates (e.g., crackers). Fill in the rest of the board with your accompaniments (e.g., nuts, dried fruit, spreads). Some general tips include having items in snack bite sizes and avoiding highly messy items.
We've found some great articles on assembling snack boards. Check them out below.
A habit is a response that our mind has our body do almost on autopilot. Habits typically require less mental capacity than non-habits. This is one factor that makes them so challenging to change. However, there are a few tips that can help initiate new behaviors. First, ensure your motivations are tied to your values. If motivations for change are unclear or tied to a superficial desire, the likelihood of achieving your outcome becomes significantly less. Next, focus on what individual behaviors may result in helping you achieve your goal. Oftentimes, thinking about an overarching goal seems incredibly overwhelming. Thus, narrowing your attention to smaller tasks help provide quick and positive results that encourage repetitive behaviors. Finally, consider what barriers may be preventing you from completing or acting on your new tasks. Removing these obstacles may be the final straw that tips your unachievable desire into a new habit. Tips and Resources That Help You Build Better Habits by Syed Balkhi offers a good synopsis of change with bullet point resources for those looking to learn more.
I am so excited to share this yummy #pumpkin #donut 🍩recipe with you! I took a vegan recipe and altered it to include items I typically bake with in my own home. The result was fantastic!
Why these are so great 👉
🧡 They're very easy to make and can feed a crowd
🧡 They're a great alternative to cinnamon rolls and muffins if you want to mix things up
🧡 The batter is more muffin like and is lower in sugar, which means these are game for packing as snacks for school (gotta help the teachers out 😉)
🧡 They can be topped a variety of ways (cinnamon sugar, glazed, or even with a nut butter for some quick sustenance on the way out the door).
Preheat oven 350 degrees.
Combine wet ingredients
1/2 cup milk
1 1/2 teaspoons lemon juice
1 cup canned pumpkin puree
1/2 cup sugar
1/3 cup brown sugar
1/3 cup oil (any oil except coconut or olive)
2 teaspoons vanilla extract
Combine the dry ingredients
1 3/4 cups all-purpose flour
3 tablespoons cornstarch
2 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon baking soda
2 1/2 teaspoons pumpkin spice
3/4 teaspoon salt
Add wet ingredients to the dry ingredients (batter will be thick, do not over mix). Place batter in ziploc or icing bag and fill donut pans (we 🖤 these mini donut pans we found on @amazon 👉https://amzn.to/3jjVQAm).
Bake 12-15 minutes. Cool ten minutes. Add topping of choice. We prefer the cinnamon sugar coating (lightly brush donuts with butter and dip in cinnamon sugar mixture - about 1/4 C sugar + 1 Tbsp cinnamon).
Original vegan recipe from @veganhuggs
#haes #intuitiveeatingforkids #raisingintuitiveeaters #intuitiveeatingofficial #parentingtip #fridgeforaging #holidayeats #nofoodrules #kidsinthekitchen #cookingisalifeskill #nutritionrites #momofatoddler#virtualdietitian #healthyrelationshipwithfood #raisinghealthyeaters #raisinghealthykids #happyhealthykids #healthykids #kidsnutrition #nutritionforkids #feedingkids #pickyeaters #positivebodyimage #motherhoodcommunity #ditchthediet #honestmom #antidietdietitian#antidietculture
Stocking up on water and non-perishable items during more unpredictable weather seasons is critical. Experts recommend having at least a three-day supply of food and water. This emergency supply should include three meals and one-half gallon of water per person per day. In terms of water, this would be two, twenty four packs of bottled water for a family of four. Regarding food, stocking up on canned and dry goods is ideal. Some product recommendations include canned fruits and vegetables, single servings of applesauce and fruit juices, dried fruit, dried beans, individual milk boxes, canned tuna, nut butters, nut packs, jerky, cereals, crackers and granola bars. For food items that are canned, be sure to include a can opener with your supplies. In addition, plan accordingly for those on medications who may be near a low supply. Having a emergency plan can make all the difference for your family’s well-being.
Picture retrieved from fema.gov
While some schools have re-opened, many are offering and providing virtual, learn-from-home options to families. Learning from home can be successful with some organization. Establishing household schedules for everyone is crucial. Schedules help set expectations which can decrease anxiety. Once schedules are established, individual workspaces can be created and managed. Separate spaces empower kids by giving them a sense of ownership. Allow some input from your kids by offering a few fun and unique office supplies for them to choose from. Weather permitting, suggest lunches be outdoors to encourage space change that will get kids out of chairs and away from screens. Allowing special breaks or treats within the daily schedule can go a long way in making a new experience positive by allowing it to be different yet functional.
A few food tips to keep in mind:
Knowing your family history can be an important tool in illness prevention. Typically, children are not screened for diseases unless they become symptomatic. When children are taught healthy habits such as eating well and regularly being active, their need for screening declines. There are a few diseases worth learning about ahead of time, particularly if your family has a history of them. Type 1 Diabetes normally is not diagnosed until a child’s symptoms are severe. Recognizing these symptoms quickly can help manage your child’s care. Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes include urinating often, excessive thirst, blurry vision, extreme fatigue, weight loss even with increased intake and slow healing wounds. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) also recommends children be screened around age ten for high cholesterol. There are not typically signs or symptoms associated with high cholesterol in kids, which is why it is important to heed the testing recommendations of the AAP. Hypertension is generally screened by age three. Signs and symptoms of hypertension in children include headaches, vomiting, chest pains, shortness of breath and seizures. In all cases, be sure to share your family disease history with your pediatrician who can help you understand possible signs and symptoms of potential risks that your child may be exposed to.
The concept of “Eating the Rainbow” is a wonderful model families can refer to when meal planning each week. Each color in the rainbow represents nutrients we can get from colorful foods. Red produce, for instance, boasts carotenoids and flavonoids both which have antioxidant effects in humans. Orange and yellow foods, such as butternut squash and carrots, often contain a trio of benefits that include antioxidants, vitamin A and Vitamin C. Even those blue-hued potatoes and purple eggplant contain anthocyanins that in addition to antioxidant effects, may offer anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-cancer benefits.
Quick breakfast options are helpful to have on hand and cereal has been a staple in American homes for decades. Choosing healthy cereal options that kids (and adults) actually want to eat is achievable. Start with reading labels. Oftentimes, parents are surprised by what they learn from nutrition facts panels. For instance, when comparing options, shoppers may discover the sugar content is Cinnamon Toast Crunch is no more than the sugar content of Honey Nut Cheerios. Ensure that the cereal you pick is whole wheat or whole bran. From there, pick three options and choose the one with the highest amount of fiber and protein. Some ideal choices include Kashi by Kids Super Loops, Original Cheerios, Kashi Go Cinnamon Crisp Cereal, Nature’s Path Maple Pecan Crunch and Barbara’s Cinnamon Puffins. You can also get creative and mix one of these options with a favorite that may not be on this list.
Bone is living, growing tissue, whose growth is significant from childhood to near age twenty-five. Thus, there is a limited time to effect bone health. Nutrients that aid in building healthy bones include calcium, vitamin D, magnesium and vitamin K. Regular physical activity is also a benefitting factor that can increase bone size, strength and reduces fracture risks. Calcium can be found in dairy products as well as almonds and dark, leafy greens. Dark leafy greens also boast vitamin K. Dietary vitamin D can be found in egg yolks and fatty fish.
Being at home more often can create meal prepping fatigue. As Americans continue to navigate COVID19, making every single, daily, for all family members is a real possibility. Sometimes it might feel like you never leave the kitchen. One way to ease mealtime burdens is to solicit help from your family members. For instance, if your kids were packing their lunches for school, have them prepare their lunches at home. The end results may be a little odd, but they usually will include a variety of food groups in adequate portion sizes that will leave your child feeling satisfied. Research shows that things like packing their own lunches and helping to choose a dinner theme, improve independence and build confidence in kids. In addition, by letting them pick the foods and amounts they want to eat, you are teaching them early on to trust their bodies. There will be opportunities for you to guide and provide good food knowledge. For instance, if you notice there's always a certain food group missing, use neutral words to encourage the addition of that food group. One example of neutral language is, “I noticed you don't usually put any vegetables on your plate." Phrasing in this manner, affords an open dialogue that may provide insight. In this example, you may come to find out that there aren't any vegetables your children like that are cut up, and they are not confident chopping those vegetables by themselves. With this knowledge, you can troubleshoot the concern. We encourage having at least a little something from all the food groups on the plate for variety and to ensure that kids are getting all the nutrients they need. However, not every meal needs to be perfect. It is our choices that add up over time that determine our health, not one meal or one day.
All children are different and there are a multitude of factors that shape food preferences over one’s lifetime. Parents should expect some bout of picky eating. It is normal for children to go through phases where they feel less adventurous or to even have less of an appetite. Family mealtimes with limited distractions can aid in setting expectations around eating habits and individuals’ responsibilities. For example, it is the parents’ responsibility to provide the meal and then the child decides what and how much to eat from the food provided. Some helpful tips to increase a child’s acceptance of meals include frequent exposure to a variety of food groups and involvement of kids in the planning and preparing of meals.
Amid the current stage of the COVID-19 pandemic, travel is still being affected. From flights booked at seventy percent capacity, to closed airport businesses, you should consider rebooking travel if possible. If you must fly, set your expectations accordingly. In most airports across the states, a majority of businesses are closed. At a minimum, these businesses are operating at adjusted hours. This includes food establishments. There are some options, but expect lines even with a decline in the number of travelers. Stocking up with food items that hit at least two food groups will go a long way in sustaining oneself throughout an unpredictable day. You may feel like you are packing too much food, but feel confident in knowing that typical conveniences will not be available. Here are a few of our favorite travel snack options:
Summer brings with it an abundance of produce. Consider certain guidelines when stocking up to increase freshness. For bunched items, cut off any greens that may pull moisture out of your fruit or vegetable. Examples include beets and carrots. Removing fasteners such as rubber bands helps increase circulation, which aids in maintaining freshness. Finally, avoid washing less hearty varieties of produce, such as strawberries, as this can result in soggy items.
Due to COVID-19 re-opening phases, summer trips may include more car time travel. A few tips can help make the most of your drive. With hand sanitizer is back in stock, you will want to ensure its use when you exit the car and prior to any meals or snacks. Also consider taking a trash receptacle. By taking a cereal container and adding a trash can liner, you can create a small, yet functional garbage can. Be sure to prepare a large Ziploc with disposable napkins and utensils even if you think you will not need them. Pack non-messy, but yummy road trip snacks like these.
Quinoa is a fantastic whole grain to add as a pantry staple! Chock-full of fiber and protein, this is a healthy and versatile meal base. Here are some quinoa recipes to give you some inspiration to get started.
Quinoa Zucchini Fritters
Directions: Shred zucchini and carrots. Set aside for 10-15 mins. Wrap in cloth or paper towel and wring out excess moisture. Mix zucchini, carrot, quinoa, eggs, and spices in a bowl. Fold in bread crumbs once mixed. Portion fritters and flatten into patties. Heat skillet and coat with avocado oil. Place fritters in pan, fry until golden brown on both sides (about 3 minutes). Repeat until all the fritters are done and store in the fridge for up to 5 days.
Recipe from: https://thekitchengirl.com/crabless-cakes-zucchini-quinoa-fritters/
Shrimp Avocado Quinoa Bowl
Directions: Combine shrimp, garlic, oil, and spices. Heat a pan over medium-high until hot. Coat with a light drizzle of oil and cook shrimp until charred. Divide greens into two bowls, top with half of quinoa, shrimp, avocado, tomato, and onion. Drizzle with lime juice & serve.
Recipe from: https://gimmedelicious.com/avocado-shrimp-quinoa-salad-bowls/
Mexican Chicken Quinoa Casserole
Directions: Preheat oven to 350. Line 8x8 inch pan with parchment paper. Add all ingredients into a bowl and mix. Spread into a prepared pan and bake for 28 minutes. Turn off the oven and let it sit in an unopened oven for another 25 minutes.
Recipe from: https://chocolatecoveredkatie.com/2016/09/19/quinoa-casserole-mexican-black-bean/
Mediterranian Quinoa Salad
Directions: Make the dressing by combining olive oil, vinegar, oregano, salt, and pepper. Whisk to combine. Add in veggies and quinoa. Toss to coat in dressing. Top with goat cheese and parsley.
Recipe from: https://www.thekitchn.com/quinoa-salad-22955988
We’ve been at this quarantine thing for about 2 months now and it seems that I’m still expected to prepare 3 meals a day for my whole family. Meal prepping and planning looks a little different and in our previous blog, we broke down the basics of meal time to help you manage stress. Here are some other tried and true go-to tips.
Whether you are quarantined with your family and kids, significant other, or with your pets, here are some tips to help alleviate meal-time stress!
Creating a Flexible Grocery List that Works
3 Ways to Use Potatoes
If you've been following us you have likely noticed that I like to run. I'm not fast but I like to go far. When I'm talking about my longer runs I usually hear friends say "that sounds miserable" and maybe you feel that way, too. Or maybe you're wondering if exercise aligns with HAES and Intuitive Eating principles? In short, exercise and HAES/Intuitive Eating can coexist.
First, though, we want to touch on enjoyment as it pertains to physical activity. Whatever you are doing to move your body should be enjoyable. Whether it's going for a walk, rowing, basketball, strength training, yoga or training for a marathon. We are all different and will find different activities enjoyable. Find what YOU enjoy and do that. Exercise is not supposed to feel miserable and if it does it is likely because of 2 key reasons that are highlighted in Intuitive Eating:
1) The exercise regimen was started when a diet was initiated. Which means you are likely not properly fueled enough for exercise to feel good.
2) The body was being subjected to unrealistic amounts of exercise. Over exercising can lead to a lot of problems including poor sleep and injuries.
Both of these usually happen when weight loss is the goal, which brings us to the next point on whether or not exercise aligned with HAES and Intuitive Eating?
The answer is yes, it absolutely can be. There's even an entire principle in Intuitive Eating dedicated to moving your body. In addition to being enjoyable, moving your body is also a way to take care of yourself mentally and physically with the byproduct of these benefits:
The goal is to shift your focus to how it feels to move your body rather than the calorie-burning effect of exercise. Let's explore 2 different exercise mindsets:
Diet and Exercise Mindset: If the goal of exercise is to lose weight you are also likely dieting which means exercise is not going to feel good because your body doesn't have the fuel it needs. You only feel good when the number on the scale goes down or you burned a certain number of calories. If you don't see progress on the scale you feel as if all that dieting and exercise was for nothing.
Fueling and Training Mindset: This mindset focuses on how exercise makes your body feel. You are fueling your body properly so that you have enough energy to feel good while exercising. The goal is not to lose weight or to burn a certain number of calories but rather to have enough “gas in the tank” to be able enjoy what you're doing and maybe even see improvements in your performance if that's a level you're at.
This picture is my fuel for a longer run. If I was in a diet/exercise mindset I would go out there and not take in any carbs or calories. I would feel miserable during my run. I would likely not be able to finish my run. And I would be doing some serious damage to my body and likely end up injured and not able to exercise at all. Instead, I approach moving my body with a fueling and training mindset. If I’m going to exercise I make sure I eat something containing carbs beforehand since that is our body's preferred source of energy and will help me to not feel fatigued during my workout. If I’m exercising for more than an hour (like on a longer run) I will eat during the run. When I’m done exercising I refuel my body with the nutrients that I just used up.
If you decide to exercise it needs to be when you're ready and in the right mindset. Don't do it for weight loss. Don't do it because that person you saw on social media showed a picture of their ripped abs. Do it for the joy and health it brings you. If you aren't ready to go down that path or it's medically contraindicated that's ok, too. We are all in different places and just like the food we eat does not make us "good or bad," the amount of exercise we do or don't do does not determine our worth either. ️
Potatoes are a great produce item that will last for weeks, sometimes up to a couple months with proper storage! They are a versatile item that can be eaten for breakfast, lunch, or dinner. Here is a little potato-inspo for you! Also, check out this visual on the nutrition of potatoes. It's one of our favorites!
Currently, product availability in grocery stores across the nation has fluctuated significantly from week to week. As individuals' schedules are also in flux, there may not be a set day that one can get to the store, causing even more uncertainty when planning meals. Here are some ways to make your grocery list more adaptable!
Cheyenne is a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist located in the Charleston, SC area.